English-Pali Glossary

Aloes, agaru.

Angled Gourd, kosataki.

Ant, pipīlikā.

Asian Brown Flycatcher, sagga.

Asian Elephant, hatthin.

Asian Openbill Stork, sithilahanu.

Asian Paradise Flycatcher,celakedu.

Asian Pied Starling, see pakkhin.

Asiatic Lion, sīha.

Asiatic Wild Dog, see soṇa.

Asparagas, see setavārisa.

Basil, tulasi.

Balloon Vine, see sibala.

Bamboo, veḷu.

Banana, kadali.

Banyan Tree, nigrodha.

Barasingha, rohicca.

Bark, vakkala.

Bar-headed Goose, haṃsa.

Barking Deer, kakkaṭa.

Barley, yava.

Basil, tulasi.

Bat, vagguli.

Baya Weaver, see paṭikutta.

Bed Bug, maṅkuna.

Bee, madhukara.

Bengal Cotton, samuddakakappāsī.

Bengal Quince, beluva.

Betel Palm, pūga.

Betel Vine, tambūla.

Bird, pakkhin.

Bitter Apple, indavāruṇī.

Bitter Gourd, tittakalābu.

Blackbuck, miga.

Black Cumin, jīraka.

Black Gram, māsa.

Black Ibis, see bhassara.

Black-lip Oyster, mutta.

Black Plum Tree, jambu.

Blue Bottle, nīlamakkhikā.

Blue Water Lily, uppala.

Boal Fish, see mahāmukhamaccha.

Bodhi Tree, assattha.

Booted Eagle, see byaggha.

Bottle Gourd, lābu.

Brahminy Shelduck, cakkavāka.

Bread Fruit Tree, labuja.

Brown Fish Owl, ulūka.

Buffstriped Keelback, see deḍḍubha.

Buffalo, mahisa.

Bull Shark, see susukā.

Bulletwood Tree, vakula.

Camel, oṭṭha.

Camel’s Foot Creeper, māluvā.

Camphor, kappūra.

Cane, vetta.

Cannabis, bhaṅga.

Caracal, see biḷārā sasakaṇṇikā.

Castor Oil Tree, eraṇḍa.

Cat, biḷāla.

Catfish, puthuloma.

Centipede, satapadī.

Ceylon Oak, kāsumārī.

Champa, campaka.

Checkered Keelback, udakasappa.

Chestnut-bellied Sand Grouse, tittira.

Chirauli Nut Tree, rājāyatana.

Chitra Turtle, see cittacūḷā kacchapa.

Cicada, see cīrilikā.

Cluster Fig, udumbara.

Cobra, nāga.

Coconut Palm, nālikera.

Coral, pavala.

Common Hoopoe, kukutthaka.

Common Garden Lizard, kakaṇṭaka.

Common Hill Myna, sāliya.

Common Indian Monitor, godha.

Common Wolf Snake, agārasappa.

Conch, saṅkha.

Copper Head, see sappa.

Cotton Bush, kappāsa.

Cowrie, see sippi.

Crab, kulīr

Crane, kaṅka.

Creepers, latā.

Cricket, cīriḷikā.

Crimson Sunbird, see lohapiṭṭhā.

Crocodile, kumbhīla.

Crow, kāka.

Cuckoo, karavīka, kālakokila.

Cucumber, kakkārāka.

Curry Leaf Tree, kāra.

Date Palm, khajjūra.

Deer, hariṇa, kuruṅga, laṅghi, miga,

sarabha, sārāmiga.

Dog, soṇa.

Domestic Cattle, go.

Domestic Fowl, kukkuṭa.

Donkey, gadrabha.

Dove, kakuṭa, pārāvata, pakkhima.

Drongo, bhiṅkāra.

Drumstick Tree, sodhañjanaka.

Dwarf Bamboo, khuddakaveḷu.

Ear Mange, see vittacchikā.

Earthworm, gaṇḍuppāda.

Egg Plant, vātiṅgaṇa.

Eel, amarā.

Egret, baka.

English Broomcorn, cīnaka.

Eurasian Golden Oriole, ambakamaddarī.

Eurasian Sparrow Hawk, bhāsa.

Fever Nut, nattamāla.

Field Pea, hareṇuka.

Filariasis, see makasa.

Firefly, khajjopanaka.

Fish, maccha.

Fishing Cat, see biḷāla.

Flame of the Forest, kiṃsuka.

Flax, see khoma.

Flea, uppāṭaka.

Flowers, puppha.

Flycatcher, sagga.

Flying Squirrel, pakkhabiḷāla.

Four-horned Antelope, kuruṅga.

Fox, jambuka.

Fresh Water Mussel, see sippī.

Frog, maṇḍūka.

Ganges Dolphin, susu.

Ganges Shark, see susukā.

Garlic, lasuṇa.

Gaur, gavara.

Geranium Tree, soṇa.

Gharial, gaha.

Ginger, siṅgivera.

Glossy Ibis, see bhassara.

Goard, alābu, kakkāru, paṭola.

Goat, aja.

Golden Barb, see maccha.

Goose, haṃsa, kādamba, rājahaṃsa.

Grains, dhañña.

Grape Vine, muddika.

Grass, tiṇa.

Grasshopper, paṭaṅga and salabha.

Great Bamboo, mahāveḷa.

Great Cormorant, udakakāka.

Great Crested Grebe, see balākā.

Greater Adjutant Stork, see kaṅka.

Greater Flamingo, see rājahaṃsa.

Green Gram, mugga.

Grey Francolin, kapiñjala.

Grey Heron, kāraṇḍava.

Gulancha Vine, pūtilatā.

Gums, see jatu.

Hanuman Langur, vānara.

Head Lice, ūkā.

Hare, sasa.

Hellebore, kaṭukarohiṇī.

Heron, kaṅka, karaṇḍava, koñca, koñcavadaka

Himalayan Wild Cherry, padmaka.

Hive Bee, see madhukara.

Hoary Basil, ajjaka.

Hog Deer, hariṇa.

Hog Plum, ambāṭaka.

Honey Tree, madhuka.

Hophead, see tikaṇṭaki.

Horse, assa.

Horse Gram, kalāya also kulaṭṭha.

Horse Radish, mūlakakanda.

Horse Radish Tree, sodhañjana.

House Fly, makkhikā.

House Swift, see bhaṇḍu.

Ibis, see bhassara.

Indian Beech, karañja.

Indian Bull Frog, uddhumāyikā.

Indian Cassia, tamāla.

Indian Chameleon, sarabhū.

Indian Cobra, see nāga.

Indian Coral Tree, mandārava.

Indian Dill, satapuppha.

Indian Elm, kañcaka.

Indian Flying Fox, tuliya.

Indian Frankincense, sallakī.

Indian Gooseburry, āmalaka.

Indian Liquorice, jiñjuka.

Indian Long Pepper, pippalī.

Indian Mustard, sāsapa.

Indian Narrow-headed Softshell Turtle, see Cittacūḷā Kacchapa.

Indian Oleander, kaṇavīra.

Indian Persimmon, tiṇḍuka.

Indian Plantive Cuckoo, see karavīka.

Indian Plum, tāḷīsa.

Indian Pond Frog, nīlamaṇḍūka.

Indian Pond Heron, koñca.

Indian Python, ajakara.

Indian Roller, kikī.

Indian Teak, sāka.

Indigo, nīlī.

Insects, kīṭa, siriṃsapa.

Iron Wood Tree, nāga.

Jack Tree, panasa.

Jackal, sigāla.

Jasmine, see sumanā, vassikā, yūthikā.

Jew’s Mellow, koṭṭha.

Jujube Fruit, badara.

Jungle Cat, see biḷāla.

Jute, see potthaka.

King Cobra, kaṇhasappa.

Kingfisher, kulīraka.

Kite, ajjhapatta.

Koel, kokila.

Kodo Millet, kudrūsa.

Kokum Butter Tree, koka.

Lac, lākhā.

Lagga, see kurara.

Lapwing, see dindibha.

Large Green-billed Malkaha, aṅgahetuka.

Lesser Indian Reed Mace, eraka.

Linseed, see khoma.

Leopard, dīpi.

Leopard Cat, see biḷāla.

Leprosy, kuṭṭha.

Lesser Indian Reed-mace, biḷālī.

Linen, khoma.

Lion, kālasīha, kesara, sīha.

Licorice, jiñjūka, madhulaṭṭhikā

Little Bee, see khudda.

Little Cormorant, udakakāka.

Long-leaved Pine, saraḷa.

Lotus, paduma.

Lyon Bean, kummāsa.

Madder, mañjeṭṭhī.

Maggot, kimi, puḷava.

Mango, amba.

Marking Nut Tree, bhallāṭaka.

Milk Tree, khīrapaṇṇi.

Millet, kaṅgu.

Mongoose, nakula.

Monkey, kapi, makkaṭa, vānara.

Monkshood, ativasa.

Mosquito, makasa.

Moth, see paṭaṅga and salabha.

Mother-of-pearl, saṅkhamutta.

Mouse, mūsika.

Mud Eel, see amarā.

Mule, assaka.

Muniya, hiṅgulajalaka.

Mushroom, ahihattaka.

Mussel Shell Creeper, girikaṇṇika.

Mustard, rājikā.

Myna, sāliya.

Myrobalan, āmalaka, harītaka, vibhītaka.

Neem Tree, nimba.

Nilgai, gokaṇṇa.

Northern House Gecko, gharagolikā.

Nut Grass, bhaddamuttaka.

Oleander, karavīra.

Onion, palaṇḍuka.

Otter, udda.

Owl, kosika.

Pabda Catfish, pāvusa.

Pagusa Catfish, pāgusa.

Painted Gourd, paṭola.

Palmyra Palm Tree, tāla.

Panic Seed, piyaṅgu.

Parrot, suka, cirīti.

Pied Crested Cuckoo, kālakokila.

Pig, sūkara.

Pigeon, kapota, pārāvata.

Peafowl, mayūra.

Pepper, marica, pippalī.

Pheasant-tailed Jacana, jīvaṃjīvaka.

Pomegranate, dālikā.

Porcupine, sallaka.

Porcupine Flower, koraṇḍaka.

Quail, lāpasakuṇa.

Rat, undura.

Raven, kakola.

Red Coral, pavāla.

Red Jungle Fowl, kukkuṭa.

Red Rice, nīvāra.

Red Rot, mañjiṭṭhikā.

Red Sandalwood, see candana.

Red Silk-cotton Tree, simbali.

Red Sun Fish, rohita.

Red Velvet Mite, indagopaka.

Red-wattled Lapwing, see dindibha.

Red Weaver Ant, tambakipillika.

Reeds and Rushes, naḷa.

Resins, see jatu.

Rhesus Macaque, kapi, makkaṭa.

Rhinoceros, khagga.

Rice Plant, taṇḍula.

Rice Stalk Borer, see setaṭṭika.

Rock Bee, bhamara.

Rose-ringed Parakeet, see suka.

Rosha Grass, phanijjaka.

Roundworm, see makasa.

Rushes, naḷa.

Safflower, kusumbhara.

Sal Tree, sāla.

Samba, sarabha, sāmāmiga.

Sandalwood Tree, candana.

Saw Fish, see makara.

Scabies, vitacchikā.

Scarab Beetle, gūthapāṇa.

Scholars Tree, sattapaṇṇa.

Scorpion, vicchika.

Screw Pine, ketaka.

Seeds, bīja.

Sesame, tila.

Shahin Falcon, see vyagghīnasa.

Sheep, eḷaka.

Silk Worm, kosakāraka.

Sloth Bear, accha.

Small White Indian Water Lily, see uppala.

Snake, sappa.

Soap Nut Tree, ariṭṭhaka.

Spider, makkaṭaka.

Sparrow, kuliṅka.

Spikenard, narada.

Spinach, phalaka.

Spoonbill, see āṭa.

Spot-billed Duck, seepañcavaṇṇahaṃsa.

Spotted Deer, citraka.

Spotted Dove, pakkhima.

Squirrel, bilapakkha, kalandaka.

Stork, see daṇḍamāṇavaka.

Stripped Hyena, taraccha.

Stripped Snakehead, sakula.

Sugar Cane, ucchu.

Sun Hemp, sāṇa.

Syrian Rue, see soma.

Swallow Wort, akka.

Swamp Deer, rohicca, ruru.

Sweet Flag, vaca.

Swift, see bhaṇḍu.

Tamarind, ciñcā.

Termite, upacikā.

Thorn Apple, dhanutakkāri.

Tiger, vyaggha.

Toadstool, ahihattaka.

Tortoise, kacchapa.

Towel Gourd, see goṭṭhaphala.

Trees, rukkha.

Trumpt Flower, pāṭali.

Turmeric, halidda.

Turtle, kacchapa.

Variegated Bauhinia, kovilāra.

Vines, latā.

Vine Snake, see silābhu.

Vulture, gijjha, lohapiṭṭhā, sakunta.

Water Chestnut, siṅghāṭaka.

White Gourd Melon, kakkṇru.

Wave Leaf Fig, piḷaṅkha.

Whale, see susuka, timi.

Wheat, godhūma.

White Mustard, siddhattaka.

Wild Barley, see yava.

Wild Boar, varāha.

Wild Buffalo, see mahisa.

Wild Date, see khajjūra.

White Gourd Melon, kakkāru.

White Water Lily, sogandhika.

Wild Orange, mātuluṅga.

Wild Rice, nīvāra.

Wolf, koka.

Wood Apple Tree, kapittha.

Wood Borer, guṇa.

Woodpecker, koṭṭha, rukkhakoṭṭasakuṇa, sattapatta.

Wool, uṇṇa.

Worms, kimi.

Yak, camara.

Yeast, kiṇṇa.

Yellow Jade Orchard Tree, champaka.

Yellow-legged Green Pigeon, see mayahaka.

Yellow-throated Sparrow, see cirīṭa.