English-Pali Glossary

Agarwood—agaru.

Ajwain—mudayanti.

Ajowan—ajamoda.

Ant—pipīlikā.

Ant. Red Weaver—tambakipillika.

Antelope, Four-horned—kuruṅga.

Asafoetida—hiṅgu.

Ashoka Tree—asoka.

Asparagus—see setavāri.

Balloon Frog—uddhumāyikā.

Bamboo—veḷu.

Banana—kadali.

Banyan Tree—nigrodha.

Barasingha—rohicca.

Barley, Wild—see yava.

Bark—vakkala.

Bar-headed Goose—haṃsa.

Barking Deer—kakkaṭa.

Barley—yava.

Basil, Hoary—ajjaka.

Basil, Holy— tulasi.

Bat—vagguli.

Baya Weaver—see paṭikuttaka.

Bear—accha.

Bed Bug—maṅkuna.

Bee—madhukara, bhamara.

Indian Beech—karañja, nattamāla.

Bengal Cotton—samuddakappāsī.

Bengal Quince—beluva.

Betel Palm—pūga.

Betel Vine—tambūla.

Birch, Himalayan—ābhujī.

Bird—pakkhin.

Biting fly—ḍaṃsa.

Bitter Apple—indavāruṇī.

Blackbuck—miga.

Black Plum Tree—jambu.

Bluebottle—nīlamakkhikā.

Blue Water Lily—uppala.

Boar, Wild—varāha.

Bodhi Tree—assattha.

Bowstring Hemp—maruvā.

Brahminy Shelduck—cakkavāka.

Bread-fruit Tree—labuja

Buffalo—mahisa.

Bull Shark—see susu.

Bulletwood Tree—vakula.

Camel—oṭṭha.

Camel’s Foot Creeper—māluvā.

Camphor—kappūra.

Cane—vetta.

Cannabis—bhaṅga.

Caracal—see biḷārā sasakaṇṇikā.

Rock Bee—bhamara.

Cassia, Indian—tamāla.

Castor Oil Shrub—eraṇḍa.

Cat—biḷāla.

Catfish—puthuloma.

Centipede—satapadī.

Ceylon Oak—kāsumārī.

Champak—campaka.

Chameleon, Indian—sarabhū.

Chaste Tree—nigguṇḍī.

Chirauli Nut Tree—rājāyatana.

Cicada—see cīriḷikā.

Cluster Fig—udumbara.

Cobra—nāga.

Coconut Palm—nāḷikera.

Coral—pavāla.

Common Garden Lizard—kakaṇṭaka.

Common Hill Myna—see sāliya.

Common Indian Monitor—godhā.

Common Wolf Snake—agārasappa.

Conch—saṅkha1.

Coots—see pokkharasātaka.

Coral Tree, Indian—mandārava.

Cormorant, Great & Little—udakakāka.

Cotton Bush—kappāsa.

Cowrie—see sippi.

Crab—kulīra

Crane—kaṅka.

Crepe Ginger—kuṭṭha2.

Creepers—latā.

Cricket—cīriḷikā.

Crimson Sunbird—see lohapiṭṭhā.

Crocodile—see susu.

Crocodile Needlefish—see maccha.

Crop affliction—see mañjiṭṭhikā. setaṭṭika.

Crow—kāka.

Cuckoo—karavīka, kokila, phussa-ko-kila.

Cucumber—kakkārika.

Cumin, Black—jīraka.

Curry Leaf Tree—kāra.

Date Palm—khajjūra.

Deer—hariṇa, kuruṅga, laṅghi, miga, rohita1, ruru, sarabha, sārāmiga.

Dill, Indian—satapuppha.

Dog—soṇa2.

Dolphin—see susu.

Domestic Cattle—go.

Donkey—gadrabha.

Dove—kakuṭa, pārāvata.

Drongo—bhiṅkāra.

Drumstick Tree—sobhañjana.

Earthworm—gaṇḍuppāda.

Egg Plant—vātiṅgaṇa.

Eel—amarā.

Egret—baka.

Elephant—hatthi.

Elm, Indian—kañcaka.

Eye fly— khuddakamakkhikā.

Falcon, Shahin—see vyagghīnasa.

False Black Pepper—vilaṅga.

Ficus—see khīrarukkha, kacchaka. nigrodha.

Field Pea—hareṇuka.

Filariasis—see sīpada.

Firefly—khajjopanaka.

Fish—maccha.

Fishing Cat—see biḷāla.

Flame of the Forest—kiṃsuka.

Flamingo, Greater—see rājahaṃsa.

Flax—see khoma.

Flea—uppāṭaka, pāṇaka.

Flowers—puppha.

Flycatcher—sagga.

Flying Fox, Indian—tuliya.

Flying Squirrel—pakkhabiḷāla.

Fowl, Domestic—kukkuṭa.

Fowl, Red Jungle—kukkuṭa.

Francolin, Grey —kapiñjala.

Frankincense, Indian—sallakī.

Freshwater Mangrove—mucalinda.

Freshwater Mussel—see sippī.

Frog—maṇḍūka.

Frog, Indian Pond—nīlamaṇḍūka.

Galancha Vine—pūtilatā.

Ganges Dolphin—see susu.

Ganges Shark—see susu.

Garlic—lasuṇa.

Gaur—gavara.

Gharial—see susu.

Gecko, House—gharagolikā.

Ginger—siṅgivera.

Glossy Ibis—see bhassara.

Goat—aja.

Golden Barb—see maccha.

Golden Oriole—ambakamaddarī.

Goose—haṃsa, kādamba, rājahaṃsa.

Gourd, Angled—kosataki.

Gourd, Bitter—tittakalābu.

Gourd, Bottle—alābu.

Gourd, Pointed—paṭola.

Gourd, Towel—see goṭṭhaphala.

Gourd, Scarlet—bimba.

Gourd, White—kakkāru, kum-bhaṇḍa.

Grains—dhañña.

Gram, Black —māsa.

Gram, Green—mugga.

Gram, Horse—kalāya, kulaṭṭha, varaka.

Grape Vine—muddika.

Grass—tiṇa.

Grasshopper—paṭaṅga, salabha.

Grouse—tittira.

Gums—see jatu.

Hanuman Langur—vānara.

Hare Lice—see pāṇaka.

Head Lice—ūkā.

Hare—sasa.

Hare Lice—see pāṇaka.

Heron—kaṅka, kāraṇḍava, koñca.

Heron, Indian Pond—koñca.

Hill Glory Bower—see bhaṇḍi.

Hive Bee—see madhukara.

Hog Deer—see niṅka.

Hog Plum—ambāṭaka.

Honey Tree—madhuka.

Horse—assa.

Horse Radish—mūlaka.

Horse Radish Tree—sobhañjana.

Houndfish—see maccha

House Fly—makkhikā.

Hyena, Striped—taraccha.

Ibis, Black—see bhassara.

Indian Beech—karañja, nattamāla.

Indian Gooseberry—āmalaka.

Indian Plum—tāḷīsa.

Indian Roller—kikī.

Indigo—nīlī.

Insects—kīṭa, siriṃsapa.

Intestinal worms—kimi.

Iron Wood Tree—nāga.

Jacana—jīvaṃjīvaka

Jack Tree—panasa.

Jackal—sigāla.

Jackal Jujube—see takkola.

Jasmine—see sumanā, vassikā, yūthikā.

Jew’s Mellow—koṭṭha1.

Jujube Fruit—badara.

Jungle Cat—see biḷāla.

Jute—see potthaka.

Keelback, Buff-striped—see deḍḍubha.

Keelback, Checkered—udakasappa.

King Cobra—kaṇhasappa.

Kingfisher—kulīraka.

Kite—kulala.

Koel—kokila.

Lac—lākhā.

Laggar—see kurara.

Lapwing—see dindibha.

Leopard—dīpi.

Leopard Cat—see biḷāla.

Leprosy—kuṭṭha.

Lice—ūkā.

Liquorice—madhulaṭṭhikā.

Liquorice, Indian—jiñjuka.

Linen—khoma.

Linseed—see khoma.

Lion, Asiatic—kālasīha, kesara, sīha.

Long Pepper—pippalī.

Lotus—paduma.

Madder—mañjeṭṭhī.

Maggot—kimi, puḷava.

Magnolias—see padmaka.

Mange—vittacchikā.

Mango, Indian—amba.

Mango, Himalayan—kosamba.

Marking Nut Tree—bhallāṭaka.

Marsh Crocodile—see susu.

Milk Tree—khīrapaṇṇi.

Millet—kaṅgu, see cīnaka, piyaṅgu2.

Millet, Kodo—kudrūsa.

Millet, Proso—cīnaka.

Millet, Sawa—sāmāka.

Mongoose—nakula.

Monkey—kapi, makkaṭa, vānara.

Monk’s Hood—ativasa.

Moon Plant—see soma.

Mosquito—makasa.

Moth—see paṭaṅga, salabha.

Mother-of-pearl—saṅkhamuttā.

Mouse—mūsika.

Mud Eel—see amarā.

Munj sweetcane—muñja1.

Mule—assatara.

Mushroom—ahicchattaka.

Mussel Shell Creeper—girikaṇṇika.

Mustard, Indian—sāsapa, rājikā.

Mustard, White—siddhattaka.

Myna—sāliya.

Myrobalan—āmalaka, āmanda, harītaka, vibhītaka.

Neem Tree—nimba.

Nilgai—gokaṇṇa.

Nut Grass—bhaddamuttaka.

Oleander—karavīra.

Onion—palaṇḍuka.

Orange, Wild—mātuluṅga.

Otter—udda.

Owl—kosika, ulūka, uhuṅkāra, siṅgila,

also see pakkhabiḷāla.

Owl, Brown Fish—ulūka.

Pagusa Catfish—pāgusa.

Palmyra Palm Tree—tāla.

Panic Seed—piyaṅgu2.

Paradise Flycatcher, Asian—celakedu.

Parakeet —suka, cirīṭa

Pearl Oyster—muttā.

Persimmon, Indian—tiṇḍuka.

Peafowl—mayūra.

Pepper—marica, pippalī.

Picrorrhiza—kaṭukarohiṇī.

Pig—sūkara.

Pigeon—kapota, pārāvata.

Pigeon, Yellow-legged Green—see mayhaka.

Pine, Long-leaved—sarala.

Pomegranate—dālikā.

Porcupine—sallaka.

Porcupine Flower—koraṇḍa.

Purple Yam—see āluka.

Python, Indian—ajakara.

Quail—see laṭukikā, lāpa, cakora, vaṭṭakā.

Rail—see pokkharasātaka.

Rat—undura.

Raven—kākola.

Red Coral—pavāla.

Red Rice—nīvāra.

Red Rot—mañjiṭṭhikā.

Red Silk-cotton Tree—simbali.

Red Velvet Mite—indagopaka.

Reeds and Rushes—naḷa.

Resins—see jatu.

Rhesus Macaque—kapi, makkaṭa.

Rhinoceros—khagga.

Rice Plant—taṇḍula.

Rice Affliction—see setaṭṭika.

Rohu Fishrohita2.

Rose-ringed Parakeet—see suka.

Rosewood, North Indian—siṃsapā.

Rosha Grass—phaṇijjaka.

Rushes—naḷa.

Sal Tree—sāla.

Sambar—sarabha, sāmāmiga.

Sandalwood Tree—candana.

Sandalwood, Red—see candana.

Sandan—phandana.

Sann Hemp—sāṇa.

Sawfish—see makara.

Scabies—vitacchikā.

Scarab Beetle—gūthapāṇa.

Scholar’s Tree—sattapaṇṇa.

Scorpion—vicchika.

Screw Pine—ketaka.

Seeds—bīja.

Sesame—tila.

Sea Bean—see āsītika.

Shallot—see bhañjanaka.

Shark—see susu.

Sheep—eḷaka.

Sickle Senna—eḷagalā.

Silk Worm—kosakāraka.

Sloth Bear—accha.

Sparrow Hawk—bhāsa.

Spinach—phalaka.

Smooth Angelica—coraka.

Snake—sappa.

Snakehead, Common—see sakula.

Soap Nut Tree—ariṭṭhaka.

Spider—makkaṭaka.

Sparrow—kuliṅka.

Spear Grass—dabba.

Spikenard—narada.

Spoonbill—see āṭa.

Spotted Deer—citraka.

Squirrel—kalandaka.

Stilt, Black-winged—see Daṇḍamāṇavaka.

Stinging Catfish—siṅgu.

Stingray—see maṇḍuka.

Stork, Asian Openbill—sithilahanu.

Stork, Greater Adjutant—see kaṅka.

Sugar Cane—ucchu.

Suicide Tree—see kimphala.

Syrian Rue—see soma.

Swallow Wort—akka.

Swamp Deer—rohita1, ruru.

Sweet Flag—vaca.

Swift—see bhaṇḍu.

Tamarind—ciñcā.

Taro—see nādiya.

Teak—sāka.

Termite—upacikā.

Thorn Apple—dhanutakkāri.

Thorny Bamboo—see veḷu.

Tiger—vyaggha.

Toadstool—ahicchattaka.

Tortoise—kacchapa.

Trees—rukkha.

Trumpet Flower—pāṭali.

Trumpet Flower, Indian—soṇa2.

Turmeric—halidda.

Turtle—kacchapa.

Turtle, Chitra—see cittacūḷā kacchapa.

Variegated Bauhinia—kovilāra.

Velvet Bean—kapikacchu.

Vines—latā.

Vine Snake—see silābhu.

Vulture—gijjha, sakunta.

Water Chestnut—siṅghāṭaka.

Watercock—kukutthaka.

Water Lily, White—sogandhika.

Water Lily, Small White Indian—see uppala.

Water Pepper—see nādiya.

Wave-leafed Fig—pilakkha.

Weaver Ant—tambakipillika.

Whale—see susukā, timi.

Wheat—godhūma.

Wild Dog, Asiatic—see soṇa2.

Woodboring beetle—ghuṇa-pāṇaka.

Wild Rice—nīvāra.

Wolf—koka.

Wood Apple Tree—kapittha.

Woodborer—guṇa.

Woodpecker—koṭṭha2, rukkha-koṭṭa-sakuṇa, satapatta.

Wool—uṇṇa.

Worms—kimi.

Yak—camara.

Yeast—kiṇṇa.

Yellow Jade Orchid Tree—champaka.